Sec. 4-60. Definitions.
For the purpose of this article and subsequent amendments or any orders issued by the city, the words or phrases shall have the meaning given them in this section.
(a) Automobile graveyard. Means any lot or place which is exposed to the weather and upon which more than five motor vehicles of any kind, incapable of being operated, and which it would not be economically practical to make operative, are placed, located or found.
(b) Built-up area. Means any area with a substantial portion covered by industrial, commercial or residential buildings.
(c) Clean burning waste. Means waste which is not prohibited to be burned under this ordinance and which consists only of (i) one hundred (100) percent wood waste, (ii) 100 percent clean lumber or clean wood, (iii) 100 percent yard waste, or (iv) one hundred (100) percent mixture of only any combination of wood waste, clean lumber, clean wood or yard waste.
(d) Clean lumber. Means wood or wood products that have been cut or shaped and include wet, air-dried, and kiln-dried wood products. Clean lumber does not include wood products that have been painted, pigment-stained, or pressure-treated by compounds such as chromate copper arsenate, pentachlorophenol, and creosote.
(e) Clean wood. Means uncontaminated natural or untreated wood. Clean wood includes, but is not limited to, by-products of harvesting activities conducted for forest management or commercial logging, or mill residues consisting of bark, chips, edgings, sawdust, shavings or slabs. It does not include wood that has been treated, adulterated, or chemically changed in some way; treated with glues, binders or resins; or painted, stained or coated.
(f) Construction waste. Means solid waste which is produced or generated during construction remodeling, or repair of pavements, houses, commercial buildings and other structures. Construction waste consists of lumber, wire, sheetrock, broken brick, shingles, glass, pipes, concrete, and metal and plastics if the metal or plastics are a part of the materials of construction or empty containers for such materials. Paints, coatings, solvents, asbestos, any liquid, compressed gases or semi-liquids, and garbage are not construction wastes and the disposal of such materials must be in accordance with the regulations of the Virginia Waste Management Board.
(g) Debris waste. Means wastes resulting from land clearing operations. Debris wastes include but are not limited to stumps, wood, brush, leaves, soil and road spoils.
(h) Demolition waste. Means that solid waste which is produced by the destruction of structures and their foundations and includes the same materials as construction waste.
(i) Garbage. Means readily putrescible discarded materials composed of animal, vegetable or other organic matter.
(j) Hazardous waste. Means a "hazardous waste" as described in 9 VAC 20 Chapter 60 (9 VAC 20-60) (Hazardous Waste Management Regulations).
(k) Household waste. Means any waste material, including garbage, trash and refuse derived from households. For purposes of this regulation, households include single and multiple residences, hotels and motels, bunkhouses, ranger stations, crew quarters, campgrounds, picnic grounds and day-use recreation areas. Household wastes do not include sanitary waste in septic tanks (septage) which is regulated by state agencies.
(l) Industrial waste. Means any solid waste generated by manufacturing or industrial process that is not a regulated hazardous waste. Such waste may include but is not limited to waste resulting from the following manufacturing processes: electric power generation; fertilizer/agricultural chemicals; food and related products/by products; inorganic chemicals; iron and steel manufacturing; leather and leather products; nonferrous metals manufacturing/foundries; organic chemicals; plastics and resins manufacturing; pulp and paper industry; rubber and miscellaneous plastic products; stone, glass, clay and concrete products; textile manufacturing; transportation equipment; and water treatment. This term does not include mining waste or oil and gas waste.
(m) Junk. Means old or scrap copper, brass, rope, rags, batteries, paper, trash, rubber, debris, waste, or junked, dismantled, or wrecked automobiles, or parts thereof, iron, steel, and other old or scrap ferrous or nonferrous material.
(n) Junkyard. Means an establishment or place of business which is maintained, operated, or used for storing, keeping, buying, or selling junk, or for the maintenance or operation of an automobile graveyard, and the term shall include garbage dumps and sanitary landfills.
(o) Landfill. Means a sanitary landfill, an industrial waste landfill, or a construction/demolition/debris landfill. See Solid Waste Management Regulations (9 VAC 20-80) for further definitions of these terms.
(p) Local landfill. Means any landfill located within the jurisdiction of a local government.
(q) Open burning. Means the combustion of solid waste without:
(1) Control of combustion air to maintain adequate temperature for efficient combustion;
(2) Containment of the combustion reaction in an enclosed device to provide sufficient residence time and mixing for complete combustion; and
(3) Control of the combustion products' emission.
(r) Open pit incinerator. Means a device used to burn waste for the primary purpose of reducing the volume by removing combustible matter. Such devices function by directing a curtain of air at an angle across the top of a trench or similarly enclosed space, thus reducing the amount of combustion byproducts emitted into the atmosphere. The term also includes trench burners, air curtain incinerators and over draft incinerators.
(s) Refuse. Means all solid waste products having the characteristics of solids rather than liquids and which are composed wholly or partially of materials such as garbage, trash, rubbish, litter, residues from clean up of spills or contamination or other discarded materials.
(t) Salvage operation. Means any operation consisting of a business, trade or industry participating in salvaging or reclaiming any product or material, such as, but not limited to, reprocessing of used motor oils, metals, chemicals, shipping containers or drums, and specifically including automobile graveyards and junkyards.
(u) Sanitary landfill. Means an engineered land burial facility for the disposal of household waste which is so located, designed, constructed, and operated to contain and isolate the waste so that it does not pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment. A sanitary landfill also may receive other types of solid wastes, such as commercial solid waste, nonhazardous sludge, hazardous waste from conditionally exempt small quantity generators, construction, demolition, or debris waste and nonhazardous industrial solid waste. See Solid Waste Management Regulations (9 VAC 20-80) for further definitions of these terms.
(v) Smoke. Means small gas-borne particulate matter consisting mostly, but not exclusively, of carbon, ash and other material in concentrations sufficient to form a visible plume.
(w) Special incineration device. Means an open pit incinerator, conical or teepee burner, or any other device specifically designed to provide good combustion performance.
(x) Wood waste. Means untreated wood and untreated wood products, including tree stumps (whole or chipped), trees, tree limbs (whole or chipped), bark, sawdust, chips, scraps, slabs, millings, and shavings. Wood waste does not include:
(1) Grass, grass clippings, bushes, shrubs, and clippings from bushes and shrubs from residential, commercial/retail, institutional, or industrial sources as part of maintaining yards or other private or public lands.
(2) Construction, renovation, or demolition wastes.
(3) Clean lumber.
(y) Yard waste. Means grass, grass clippings, bushes, shrubs, and clippings from bushes and shrubs that come from residential, commercial/retail, institutional, or industrial sources as part of maintaining yards or other private or public lands. Yard waste does not include (i) construction, renovation, and demolition wastes or (ii) clean wood. (Ord. No. O-81-149, § 1 [Art. I, § 4.1-1], 6-23-81; Ord. No. O-07-037, 3-13-07)