Sec. 35.1-58. Hospitals and sanatoriums.
Hospitals and sanatoriums may be permitted by conditional use permit in residential districts if the following conditions are met:
(a) The site is easily accessible to ambulatory and nonambulatory patients, visitors, staff members, personnel, ambulances, fire fighting equipment, and for the delivery of supplies, avoiding congested areas while at the same time not causing congestion.
(b) The site is free from such undue noise as that emanating from railroads, airports, freight yards, trucking routes, main traffic arteries, schools, and children's playgrounds; that it is removed from industrial or topographical conditions which would encourage breeding of flies, mosquitoes, or other insects; that the site is not exposed to smoke, foul odors, or dust or located so that prevailing winds from nearby industrial development will bring smoke or objectionable odors to the hospital or sanatorium; that the proposed building will not be exposed to adjacent fire hazards; and that the site is not only free of these nuisances at the time of construction but that no probable future development in the immediate area will create any; and that the proposed hospital or sanatorium will not adversely affect surrounding land uses due to nuisances. Examples of potential nuisance factors emanating from hospitals and sanatoriums include laundry operations, power plants, cafeterias, incinerators, kitchens, ambulance and emergency patient entrances, unloading areas, traffic and public transportation relative to out-patient programs or blood banks, animal laboratories and noises from mental, alcoholic, or drug-addicted patients.
(c) Certification must be granted by the division of medical and hospital services of the State of Virginia.
(d) Accessory uses—The planning commission may permit accessory uses, provided that the following conditions are met:
(1) That they will improve the ability of the hospital to function and provide community service.
(2) That all potential adverse effects emanating from such uses are prevented.
(3) That all requirements of this ordinance applicable to such uses are met, including those governing off-street parking and loading, lot area, setbacks, site plan review, and conditional use procedures.
(4) In meeting minimum lot area and setback requirements for different uses, there is no pooling of open space between different uses.
Examples of accessory uses which may be allowed on a zoning lot whose principal uses is a hospital or sanatorium are as follows:
a. Staff residences (single-family, multi-family, dormitory).
b. Schools (medical, nursing, patient rehabilitation).
c. Recreation facilities (gymnasium, swimming pool, tennis courts).
d. Research laboratories.
(e) Site standards—The hospital, sanatorium, or other similar institutions shall meet all height, bulk, and setback regulations for the district in which it is located, as well as the regulations in Article V of this ordinance, except that in no case shall any building which is a part of such an institution or an accessory use to such an institution be located within fifty (50) feet of any lot line, or more if deemed necessary by the city council.
Last updated date: 10/23/2006 4:15:21 PM