Sec. 35.1-25.1.3. Definitions.
Buffer: An area of land, including landscaping, or combination of landscaping berms, solid fences and/or walls that is located between land uses of different character and is intended to mitigate negative impacts of the more intense use.
Caliper: Trunk diameter measured six (6) inches from the ground. If the caliper is greater than four (4) inches, the measurement is taken twelve (12) inches from the ground.
Decorative landscape stone: Stone that has natural or manmade distinguishing characteristics such as color and shape. Decorative landscape stone may be used as mulch.
Development area / disturbed area: All areas shown within the limits of clearing and grading on a site development plan.
Evergreen tree: A tree or shrub that has foliage that persists and stays green throughout the year.
Foundation planting: Trees and shrubs planted along and adjacent to the perimeter of a building.
Ground cover: Any evergreen or broadleaf plant that does not generally attain a mature height of more than one (1) foot, characterized by a growth habit in which the plant spreads across the ground to connect with other similar plants forming a continuous vegetative cover on the ground. Sod and seeding shall be considered an appropriate ground cover.
Heat island effect: An elevated temperature over an urban area caused by pavement, buildings, other infrastructure and pollutant emissions
Landscape island: An area containing required landscaping not less than one hundred eight (108) square feet for a parking row or two hundred sixteen (216) square feet for a parking bay.
Mulch: A protective covering, usually of organic matter placed around plants to prevent evaporation, root freezing and weed growth.
Naturalized planting area: Any area planted for bioretention containing native or indigenous species that mimics local natural surroundings and is allowed to grow undisturbed. Naturalized planting areas require minimal maintenance.
Ornamental tree: Deciduous tree that grows to a mature height of less than thirty (30) feet with flowering or other distinguishing characteristics.
Parking bay: Two (2) parking rows abutting one another.
Parking row: One (1) single line of parking spaces.
Raising: Providing vertical clearance under tree canopy by using appropriate pruning techniques.
Riprap: A permanent, large, loose angular stone generally used for erosion and sediment control in concentrated high velocity flow areas.
Screening: A method of visually shielding or obscuring items such as a structure, receptacle, parking area, equipment, or stormwater management pond by densely planted landscaping, or a combination of landscaping, berms, solid fences and/or walls.
Shade tree: Deciduous tree that grows to be more than thirty (30) feet at maturity and planted chiefly to provide shade from sunlight.
Shrub: A woody plant deciduous or evergreen that generally exhibits several erect, spreading stems with a bushy appearance growing to a height of no more than fifteen (15) feet.
Shrub small: A shrub with a minimum height of one (1) foot at planting.
Shrub medium: A shrub with a minimum height of two (2) feet at planting.
Shrub large: A shrub with a minimum height of three (3) feet at planting.
Sight distance triangle: A straight line with unobstructed view measured fifty (50) feet along the edge of pavement lines from their points of junction with points being three (3) feet above the pavement edge.
Slope: The deviation of a surface from the horizontal.
Topping: An inappropriate practice of making heading cuts through a stem more than two (2) years old that drastically reduces tree height, destroys tree architecture and results in discoloration, decay of the cut stem, or death of the tree.
Water feature: A stormwater management structural measure such as a stormwater retention pond, bioretention, forebay, or landscape garden pond that is wet permanently or intermittently during rain events and contains landscaping that is hydric or water tolerant. (Ord. of 6-13-06, #O-06-070)
Last updated date: 10/23/2006 4:15:21 PM