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    Sec. 35.1-25. Off-Street Parking and Loading.

     

    Sec. 35.1-25. Off-street parking and loading.
     
    (a) General. All structures and land uses hereafter enlarged, erected or extended shall be provided with the amount of off-street parking and loading space required by the terms of this section. Parking requirements shall be calculated prior to final site plan or zoning approval.
     
    (b) Existing structures and uses. Structures and land uses in existence on the date of enactment of this ordinance, or structures and uses for which building permits have been approved on the said date, shall not be subject to the parking and loading requirements set forth in this section. However, any parking and loading facilities now existing to serve such structures or uses shall not, in the future, be reduced except where they exceed such requirements, in which case they shall not be reduced below such requirements.
     
    (c) Location of off-street parking facilities. Off-street parking facilities required by this article shall be provided on the same lot with the structure or land use served or on a lot connected by pedestrian facilities to the said lot provided that excess parking is available and a shared parking agreement is executed. A shared parking agreement shall not be required for lots under common ownership. On-street parking located within one thousand (1000) feet and connected by pedestrian facilities may be used to satisfy off-street parking requirements. Except for one (1) family and duplex residential parking facilities, no off-street parking facilities shall be located within twenty (20) feet of any residential lot line, nor shall they be located in any required front yard.
     
    (d) Parking specifications. Each parking space and the necessary access aisles shall have at least the minimum dimensions listed in the chart below, depending on the parking angle and the direction of the traffic flow. Parking and loading areas shall be graded, surfaced-treated or paved, marked and maintained to the satisfaction of the department of community development. Parking areas having ten (10) or less parking spaces may be gravel and shall require marking (tire stops). Parking areas having more than ten (10) spaces may also be gravel if the city planner in accordance with the technical review committee determine that the use of gravel is appropriate. Decisions on whether or not the use of gravel for a larger parking area is appropriate will include, but not be limited to, the following factors: its volume of traffic, its frequency of use, its size, the type of land use requiring the parking, the topography, and the control measures needed for stormwater management, erosion and dust. Landscaping shall be installed and maintained for gravel parking and vehicular areas to the same standards required for paved parking and vehicular areas. The future conversion of gravel parking areas to surface-treatment or pavement shall be subject to the provisions of the city's stormwater and erosion and sediment control ordinance.
     
    MINIMUM PARKING DIMENSIONS (FT)
    Parking Angle Stall Width Stall Depth Stall Length

    Cross Aisle Width

    (One-Way)

    CrossAisleWidth

    (Two-Way)

    45° 9 19 25 12 20
    60° 9 20 22 16 20
    75° 9 20 20 20 20
    90° 9 18 18 24 24
    180° 23 8.5 8.5 11 20

    (e) Schedule of parking requirements. The following are minimum requirements for all districts except B-4 and B-6 and may be increased as specified in the standards for conditional uses in Article X:

    Use Minimum Spaces
    (1) Residential uses  One (1) per unit
    Uses supplementary to residential uses, extra spaces as follows:  
    roomers and boarders one (1) per boarder
    tourist homes or bed and breakfast one (1) for each guest bedroom
     home occupation  one (1) 
    (2) Institutional uses   
    Places of worship one (1) for each four (4) fixed seats included; benches shall be deemed to have capacity of one (1) person per twenty (20) linear inches of bench
    Arenas, auditoriums, and stadiums one (1) per each four (4) fixed seats
    Art galleries, libraries, museums (3) per one thousand (1000) square feet of floor space, exclusive of utility areas
    Clubs, lodges and other recreational facilities one (1) per each four (4) persons of the rated capacity of the building
    Schools, public and private, elementary and junior high two (2) per three (3) teachers and other employees
    High schools, public and private two (2) per three (3) teachers and employees plus one (1) per ten (10) students
    Colleges two (2) per three (3) teachers and employees plus one (1) per five (5) students up to one hundred (100) on campus and commuting students. For colleges exceeding one hundred (100) on campus and commuting students the parking need shall be determined by the petitioner and approved as part of a conditional use permit as required by Section 35.1-15.
    Group homes two (2) per home plus one (1) per eight (8) residents plus one (1) per three (3) staff members
    Hospitals and Sanitoriums one (1) per three (3) patient beds, plus one (1) per resident doctor, plus one (1) per three (3) three other employees
    Nursing homes one (1) per four (4) beds, plus one (1) per resident doctor, plus one (1) per each three (3) staff members
    Other institutional and special uses and facilities one (1) per each four (4) persons of the rated capacity of the building
    (3) Commercial uses  
    Offices for business, banking, professional and similar uses two (2) per one thousand (1000) square feet of gross floor area, exclusive of utility area
    Retail sales and services two (2) per one thousand (1000) square feet of gross floor area plus one (1) for each three (3) employees on duty at any one time
    Commercial and trade schools one (1) per five (5) students and one (1) per two (2) employees
    Hotels and motels one (1) per guest room plus one (1) for each three (3) employees on duty at any one time
    Mortuaries and funeral parlors one (1) for each four (4) fixed seats included; benches shall be deemed to have capacity of one (1) person per twenty (20) linear inches of bench
    Restaurants, night clubs, taverns, places of assembly (including theaters) one (1) per each four (4) persons of the rated capacity of the building plus one (1) for each three (3) employees on duty at any one time
    Bowling alleys one (1) per each four (4) persons of the rated capacity of the building
    Automobile service stations two (2) per three (3) employees on main shift plus two (2) for for each service bay
    Warehouse two (2) per three (3) employees on main shift
    All others one (1) per each four (4) persons of the rated capacity of the building
    (4) Industrial uses  
    Manufacturing, wholesale and other industrial uses two (2) per three (3) employees on main shift

     

    (5) Other uses
     
    (f) Two (2) or more uses on the same lot. Where two (2) or more uses occur on the same lot, the minimum parking requirement shall be the sum of the requirements for each individual use calculated separately; except that where the city planner in accordance with the technical review committee shall find that by reason of noncoinciding hours of parking use, less than the sum of the several requirements is appropriate, it may reduce the minimum requirements by a suitable amount.
     
    (g) Mass transit provision. Where mass transit is available and facilities are provided in the form of shelters and/or benches are adjacent to or within one thousand (1,000) feet of a development and connected to the building entrance by pedestrian facilities the city planner in accordance with the technical review committee may reduce the minimum requirements by a suitable amount.
     
    (h) For uses not listed above, not listed in Article X, or where the city planner and property owner agree the minimum required standards would create excess parking, the city planner in accordance with the technical review committee shall determine the appropriate minimum requirements.
     
    (i) Special conditions in the central business district and the riverfront business district. In the central business district and the riverfront business district the minimum off-street parking requirements shall not apply because of the impracticability of providing such parking on the basis of individual uses in highly congested areas. However, developers of new buildings will be strongly encouraged to provide parking up to the minimum cited in these regulations.
     
    (j) Off-street loading berth requirements. Off-street loading and unloading berths, as defined in this ordinance and located on the same lot with the use to be served, except as provided in Subsection (i) below, shall be provided as follows:
     
    (1) For retail and service business establishments, one (1) berth for the first four thousand (4,000) square feet of floor area or portion thereof used for business purposes, and one (1) additional berth for each ten thousand (10,000) square feet or portion thereof in excess of the first four thousand (4,000) square feet.
     
    (2) For business, professional, financial and other office buildings, one (1) berth for each one hundred thousand (100,000) square feet of gross floor space.
     
    (3) For manufacturing, wholesale business, storage, warehouses and similar activities, one (1) berth for the first four thousand (4,000) square feet of floor area or portion thereof used for such purposes and one (1) additional berth for each ten thousand (10,000) square feet or portion thereof in excess of the first four thousand (4,000) square feet.
     
    (k) Joint use of loading berths. In B-3 and B-4 business districts several business establishments within one (1) block may provide off-street loading berths for joint use, provided that the design and location of such berths is satisfactory to the city planner. The minimum requirements for such berths shall be figured on the basis of the total floor space of all the establishments served. (Ord. No. O-78-352, 12-12-78; Ord. No. O-82-023, § 1, 2-9-82; Ord. No. O-85-140, § 1, 6-11-85; Ord. No. O-89-201, § 1, 7-11-89; Ord. No. O-94-069, 4-12-94; Ord. No. O-96-318, 12-10-96; Ord. No. O-09-099, 9-8-09)
     
    Last updated date: 11/24/2009 8:26:08 AM