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    Home » Sec. 35.1-11.7. Terms Beginning with "F."

    Sec. 35.1-11.7. Terms Beginning with "F."


    Sec. 35.1-11.7. Terms beginning with "F."
    Terms used in the zoning ordinance, when defined in this section, shall have the following meaning:
    (a) Family:
    (1) Two (2) or more persons related by blood or marriage, occupying a dwelling, living together and maintaining a household, including not more than one (1) unrelated person.
    (2) Not more than three (3) unrelated persons occupying a dwelling, living together, and maintaining a household.
    (b)  Family day home:  A child day program offered in the residence of the provider or the home of any of the children in care for one (1) through twelve (12) children under the age of thirteen (13), exclusive of the provider’s own children and any children who reside in the home, when at least one (1) child receives care for compensation and meets the requirements of Chapter 63.2-100 of the Code of Virginia.  The term shall not include any family-type facility which provides child care to not more than five (5) children placed by order of any court of competent jurisdiction, or by any public welfare department or other government agency having responsibility of placing children for care.
    (c) Fire district: The territory defined and limited by the provisions of the BOCA Basic Building Code for the restriction of types of construction to ensure adequate fire protection.
    (d) Flood: A temporary rise in stream flow or stage that results in inundation of the areas adjacent to the channel.
    (f) Flood hazard area: The maximum area of the one hundred (100) year flood plain (as defined in regulations for the national flood insurance program) which is likely to be flooded, or for which mudslides can be reasonably anticipated.
    (g) Flood plains: The areas of land adjoining a watercourse which have in the past, or can be reasonably expected in the future, to be covered temporarily by flood waters.
    (h) Floodproofing: Combinations of structural provisions, changes or adjustments to properties and structures subject to flooding, primarily for the reduction or elimination of flood damages to properties, water and sanitary facilities, structures and contents of buildings in the regulatory flood plain.
    (i) Floodway: The channel of a river or other watercourse and those portions of the adjoining flood plains which are reasonably required to discharge the water of the one hundred (100) year flood (base flood), without causing a more than one (1) foot rise at any point in the city as shown in the city's flood insurance study published by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
    (j) Floodway fringe: That portion of the one hundred (100) year flood plain outside of the floodway.
    (i) Floor area: The sum of the gross areas of the several floors of a building or buildings, measured from the exterior faces of exterior walls or from the center lines of walls separating two (2) buildings. In particular, floor area includes:
    (1) Basement space, except such space in a basement which has at least one-third (1/3) of its height below curb level, and which is located in a residential building with not more than two (2) stories entirely above curb level.
    (2) Elevator shafts or stairwells at each floor.
    (3) Floor space in penthouses.
    (4) Attic space (whether or not a floor has been laid) providing structural headroom of eight (8) feet or more.
    (5) Floor space in interior balconies or mezzanines.
    (6) Floor space in open or roofed terraces, exterior balconies, breezeways, or porches, if more than fifty (50) per cent of the perimeter of such terrace, balcony, breezeway or porch is enclosed.
    (7) Any other floor space used for dwelling purposes, no matter where located within a building, when not specifically excluded.
    (8) Floor space in accessory buildings except for floor space used for accessory off-street parking.
    Floor area of a building shall not include:
    (1) Cellar space, except that cellar space used for retailing shall be included for the purpose of calculating requirements for accessory off-street parking spaces and accessory off-street loading berths.
    (2) Elevator or stair bulkheads, accessory water tanks or cooling towers.
    (3) Uncovered steps.
    (4) Attic space, whether or not a floor actually has been laid, providing structural headroom of less than eight (8) feet.
    (5) Floor space in open or roofed terraces, exterior balconies, breezeways or porches, provided that not more than fifty (50) per cent of the perimeter of such terrace, balcony, breezeway or porch is enclosed.
    (6) Unenclosed floor space used for permitted or required accessory off-street parking spaces.
    (7) Floor space used for accessory off-street loading berths.
    (8) Floor space used for mechanical equipment.
    (k) Floor area ratio: The total floor area on a zoning lot, divided by the lot area of that zoning lot. (For example, a building containing twenty thousand (20,000) square feet of floor area on a zoning lot of ten thousand (10,000) square feet has a floor area ratio of 2.0.)
    (l) Freeway: A public highway to which access is forbidden except at interchanges with other public highways and, in some cases, at specially designed facilities providing automobile, restaurant and other similar services to motorists using the highway.
    (m) Frontage: The horizontal length of the front lot line of a zoning lot abutting a public street, road, or highway, or rural right-of-way. (Ord. No. O-90-047, 2-13-90; Ord. No. O-95-052, 3-14-95; Ord. No. O-04-161, 12-14-04)
    Last updated date: 10/23/2006 4:15:21 PM