Sec. 25-193. Maximum limits generally.
No person shall drive any vehicle upon a highway of this city at a speed in excess of:
(a) Twenty-five (25) miles per hour in a business or residential district unless otherwise prescribed by the proper authorities of the city pursuant to the provisions of Code of Virginia, section 46.2-878.
(b) Thirty-five (35) miles per hour unless otherwise prescribed by the proper authorities of the city pursuant to the provisions of Code of Virginia, section 46.2-878.
(c) The maximum speed limit for school buses shall be forty-five (45) miles per hour or the minimum speed limit allowable, whichever is greater, on any highway where the maximum speed limit is fifty-five miles or less. However for any such vehicle which takes on or discharges children, the maximum speed limit shall be thirty-five (35) miles per hour between the first stop and the last stop, not including the school.
(d) Twenty-five (25) miles per hour between portable signs, tilt-over signs or fixed blinking signs placed in or along any highway bearing the word "school" or "school crossing." Any signs erected under this section shall be placed not more than six hundred (600) feet from the limits of the school property or crossing in the vicinity of the school, which is used by children going to and from the school. However, "school crossing" signs may be placed in any location within the city that has been approved for such signs by the city council. It shall be the duty of the principal or chief administrative officer of each school or some responsible person designated by the school board, preferably not a classroom teacher, to place such portable signs in the highway at a point not more than six hundred (600) feet from the limits of the school property and remove such signs when their presence is no longer required by this subsection. Such portable signs, tilt-over signs or fixed blinking signs shall be placed in a position plainly visible to vehicular traffic approaching from either direction but shall not be placed so as to obstruct the roadway. Such portable signs, tilt-over signs or blinking signals shall be in a position, or be turned on, for thirty (30) minutes preceding regular school hours and for thirty (30) minutes thereafter and during such other times as the presence of children on such school property or going to and from school reasonably requires a special warning to motorists. The city council may decrease the period of time preceding and following regular school hours during which such portable signs, tilt-over signs, or blinking signs shall be in position or lit if it determines that no children will be going to or from school during the period of time that it subtracts from the thirty (30) minute period. The city council may increase or decrease the speed limit provided in this subsection only after justification for such increase or decrease has been shown by an engineering and traffic investigation; and provided further, that no such increase or decrease in the speed limit shall be effective unless such increased or decreased speed limit is conspicuously posted upon the portable signs, tilt-over signs or fixed blinking signs required by this subsection.
(e) No person shall drive a motor vehicle at such a slow speed as to impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic except when reduced speed is necessary for safe operation or in compliance with law.
(f) Whenever the city traffic engineer determines on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation that slow speeds on any part of a highway consistently impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic, the traffic engineer may determine and declare a minimum speed limit to be set forth on signs posted on such highway below which no person shall drive a vehicle except when necessary for safe operation or in compliance with law.
(g) Any person violating this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be punished as provided in Section 25-3. However, any person operating any motor vehicle in excess of maximum speed limit established specifically for a school crossing zone, when such school crossing zone is (i) indicated by appropriately placed signs displaying the maximum speed limit and (ii) in operation pursuant to subsection (d) of this section shall be guilty of a traffic infraction punishable by a fine of not more than two hundred fifty dollars ($250.00), in addition to other penalties provided by law.
For purposes of this section, "school crossing zone" means an area located within the vicinity of a school or near a highway where the presence of children on such school property or going to and from school reasonably requires a special warning to motorists. Such zones are marked and operated in accordance with the requirements of this section with appropriate warning signs or other traffic control devices indicating that a school crossing is in progress.
(h) Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this section, the maximum speed limit in school zones in residential areas may be decreased to fifteen (15) miles per hour if (i) the school board passes a resolution requesting the reduction of the maximum speed limit for a particular school zone from twenty-five (25) miles per hour to fifteen (15) miles per hour and (ii) the city council enacts an ordinance establishing the speed-limit requested by the school board. (Code 1959, § 20-78; Ord. No. O-01-159, 8-14-01)
Last updated date: 10/23/2006 4:15:21 PM