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    Sec. 25-1. Definitions.

     

    Sec. 25-1. Definitions.
     
    The following words and phrases, when used in this chapter shall, for the purpose of this chapter, have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this section, except in those instances where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
     
    Antique motor vehicle—Every motor vehicle which was actually manufactured or designated by the manufacturer as a model manufactured in a calendar year not less than twenty-five (25) years prior to January first of each calendar year and is owned solely as a collectors item, and is used for participation in club activities, exhibits, tours, parades and similar uses, but in no event used for general transportation, may be classified by the commissioner as an antique motor vehicle.
     
    Bicycle—As defined in Section 10-1 of this code.
     
    Business district—The territory contiguous to a highway where seventy-five (75) percentum or more of the property contiguous to a highway, on either side of the highway, for a distance of three hundred (300) feet or more along the highway is occupied by land and buildings actually in use and operation for business purposes.
     
    Chauffeur—Every person employed for the principal purpose of operating a motor vehicle and every person who drives a motor vehicle while in use as a public or common carrier of persons or property.
     
    Commission—The state corporation commission.
     
    Commissioner—The commissioner of the division of motor vehicles of this state.
     
    Crosswalk:
     
    (a) That portion of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway.
     
    (b) Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
     
    Dealer—Every person engaged in the business of buying, selling or exchanging motor vehicles, trailers and semitrailers in this city and who has an established place of business for such purpose in this city at which place of business the books and records of such dealer are kept and at which a substantial part of the business of such dealer is conducted.
     
    Division—The division of motor vehicles of this state.
     
    Essential parts—All integral parts and body parts, the removal, alteration or substitution of which will tend to conceal the identity of a vehicle.
     
    Farm tractor—Every motor vehicle designed and used as a farm, agricultural or horticultural implement for drawing plows, mowing machines and other farm, agricultural or horticultural machinery and implements including self-propelled mowers designed and used for mowing lawns.
     
    Highway—The entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place of whatsoever nature open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel in this city, including the streets, alleys and publicly maintained parking lots in the city.
     
    Intersection:
     
    (a) The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two (2) highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
     
    (b) Where a highway includes two (2) roadways thirty (30) feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection. In the event such intersecting highway also includes two (2) roadways thirty (30) feet or more apart, then every crossing of two (2) roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection.
     
    Metal tires—All tires the surface of which in contact with the highway is wholly or partly of metal or other hard, nonresilient material.
     
    Motorcycle—Every motor vehicle designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground and any four (4) wheeled vehicle weighing less than five hundred (500) pounds and equipped with an engine of less than six (6) horsepower, except any such vehicle as may be included within the term "farm tractor," as defined in this section.
     
    Motor vehicle—Every vehicle as herein defined which is self-propelled or designed for self-propulsion except that the definition contained in section 46.1-389(d) of the Code of Virginia shall apply for the purposes of section 46.1-388 et seq. of state law. Any structure designed, used or maintained primarily to be loaded on or affixed to a motor vehicle to provide a mobile dwelling, sleeping place, office or commercial s pace shall be considered a part of a motor vehicle. For the purposes of this chapter, any device herein defined as a bicycle shall be deemed not to be a motor vehicle.
     
    Nonresident—Every person who is not domiciled in this state, except:
     
    (a) Any foreign corporation which is authorized to do business in this state by the state corporation commission shall be deemed a resident of this state for the purposes of this chapter; provided, however, that in the case of corporations incorporated in this state but doing business without the state, only such principal place of business or branches located within this state shall be dealt with as residents of this state.
     
    (b) A person who becomes engaged in a gainful occupation in this state for a period exceeding sixty (60) days shall be deemed a resident for the purposes of this chapter.
     
    (c) A person, other than a nonresident student, who has actually resided in this state for a period of six (6) months, whether employed or not, or who has registered a motor vehicle, listing an address within this state in the application for registration, shall be deemed a resident for the purposes of this chapter.
     
    Operator—Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle upon a highway or who is exercising control over or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle.
     
    Owner—A person who holds the legal title of a vehicle or, in the event a vehicle is the subject of an agreement for the conditional sale or lease thereof with the right of purchase upon performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee or in the event a mortgagor of a vehicle is entitled to possession, then such conditional vendee or lessee or mortgagor shall be deemed the owner for the purpose of this chapter, except that in all such instances when the rent paid by the lessee includes charges for services of any nature or when the lease does not provide that title shall pass to the lessee upon payment of the rent stipulated, the lessor shall be regarded as the owner of such vehicle and the vehicle shall be subject to such requirements of this chapter as are applicable to vehicles operated for compensation; provided, however, that a "truck lessor" shall be regarded as the owner, and his vehicles shall be subject to such requirements of this chapter as are applicable to vehicles of private carriers.
     
    Peace or police officer—Every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.
     
    Person—Every natural person, firm, partnership, association or corporation.
     
    Pneumatic tires—All tires inflated with compressed air.
     
    Private road or driveway—Every way in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons.
     
    Reconstructed vehicle—Every vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder materially altered from its original construction by the removal, addition or substitution of essential parts new or used.
     
    Residential district—The territory contiguous to a highway, not comprising a business district, where seventy-five (75) percentum or more of the property contiguous to such highway, on either side of the highway, for a distance of three hundred (300) feet or more along the highway is occupied by dwellings and land improved for dwelling purposes, or by dwellings, land improved for dwelling purposes and land or buildings in use for business purposes.
     
    Road tractor—Every motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon independently or any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn.
     
    Roadway—That portion of a highway improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the shoulder. A highway may include two (2) or more roadways if divided by a physical barrier or unpaved area.
     
    Safety zone—The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
     
    Semitrailer—Every vehicle of the trailer type so designed and used in conjunction with a motor vehicle that some part of its own weight and that of its own load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle.
     
    Shoulder—That part of a highway between the portion regularly traveled by vehicular traffic and the lateral curbline or ditch.
     
    Solid rubber tire—Every tire made of rubber other than a pneumatic tire.
     
    Specially constructed vehicle—Any vehicle which shall not have been originally constructed under a distinctive name, make, model or type by a generally recognized manufacturer of vehicles and not a reconstructed vehicle.
     
    Superintendent—The superintendent of the department of state police of this state.
     
    Tractor truck—Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the load and weight of the vehicle attached thereto.
     
    Traffic lane or lane—That portion of a roadway designed or designated to accommodate the forward movement of a single line of vehicles.
     
    Trailer—Every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying property or passengers wholly on its own structure and for being drawn by a motor vehicle.
     
    Vehicle—Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks and except any vehicle as may be included within the term "bicycle." (Code 1959, § 20-2)
     
    Last updated date: 10/15/2009 2:30:11 PM