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    Home » Sec. 24.1-5. Words and Terms.

    Sec. 24.1-5. Words and Terms.


    Sec. 24.1-5. Words and terms. 
    For the purpose of this ordinance, certain words and terms used herein shall be interpreted or defined as follows: Words used in the present tense include the future, words in the singular number include the plural, and the plural the singular, unless the natural construction of the word indicates otherwise; the word "lot" includes the word "parcel"; the word "shall" is mandatory; the word "approve" shall be considered to be followed by the words "or disapprove"; any reference to this ordinance includes all ordinances amending or supplementing the same; all distances and areas refer to measurement in a horizontal plane.
    (1) Alley: A permanent service way providing a secondary means of access to abutting properties.
    (2) Arterial road: A moderate or high-capacity road which carries large volumes of traffic between areas in urban centers. Arterial roads are designated on the Virginia Department of Transportation’s Virginia Highway Functional Classification map for the City of Lynchburg.
    (3) Block: An area of land containing two (2) or more lots and bounded by streets providing access to such lots.
    (4) Building line: A line set with respect to the frontage of a lot of land which is fixed by statute, ordinance, deed or contract and beyond which the owner of the land may not build.
    (5) Building setback: The minimum distance that a building must be set back from the street line on which the lot abuts.
    (6) Collector road: A moderate-capacity road which leads traffic from local roads or sections of neighborhoods to activity areas within the city. Collector roads are designated on the Virginia Department of Transportation’s Virginia Highway Functional Classification map for the City of Lynchburg.
    (7) Commission: The planning commission of the City of Lynchburg, Virginia.
    (8) Cul-de-sac: A street with only one (1) outlet and having an appropriate turnaround for a safe and convenient reverse traffic movement.
    (9) Dedicate(tion): An appropriation of land to some public use, made by the subdivider, and accepted for such use by or on behalf of the public.
    (10) Driveway: The means of access to the building on a lot, connecting the building to the street on which the lot has frontage.
    (11) Easement: A grant by a property subdivider of the use of land for a specific purpose or purposes.
    (12) Flag lot: A lot which has less than the usual required street frontage and which meets the requirements of Section 24.1-28.1. Flag lots. Lots fronting on a cul-de-sac are not considered flag lots and are regulated by Section 35.1-22. Buildings, uses and lots.
    (13) Governing body: The city council of the City of Lynchburg, Virginia.
    (14) Health official: The director of the Central Virginia Health District of the Virginia Department of Health.
    (15) Jurisdiction: The area or territory subject to the legislative control of the governing body.
    (16) Lot: A tract or parcel of land intended for transfer of ownership, use or improvement.
    (17) Lot, double frontage: A lot, the opposite ends of which abut on streets.
    (18) Lot of record: A lot, the plat of which has been recorded in the office of the clerk of the circuit court.
    (19) Lynchburg comprehensive plan: The comprehensive plan of the City of Lynchburg as adopted and amended by the city council.
    (20) Monuments: Visible marks or indications left on natural or other objects indicating the lines and boundaries of a survey.
    (21) Plat: Includes the terms: map, plan, plot, replat or replot; a map or plan of a tract or parcel of land which is to be, or which has been, subdivided. When used as a verb "plat" is synonymous with "subdivide."
    (22) Property: Any tract, lot, parcel or several of the same collected together for the purpose of subdividing.
    (23) Public water or sewer: A water or sewer system designed to accommodate more than two (2) family residences, whether owned by the City of Lynchburg or by a private individual. This definition shall not apply to nonresidential subdivisions.
    (24) Sight distance: A straight line with unobstructed view measured between a point three (3) feet above the finished grade of a road, at the center line of each traffic lane, and a point at a given minimum distance away from the first point, located six (6) inches above finished grade at a center line of the same traffic lane.
    (25) Street, private: An improved access road which has been approved by the City of Lynchburg as part of a planned unit development, cluster commercial development, or townhouse development, where an owners’ association owns and maintains the access road. Also an improved access road which by a plat, deed or agreement recorded on or before September 12, 1989, has established joint usage rights and maintenance responsibilities among the owners of properties fronting on said improved access road.
    (26) Street, public: An improved dedicated right-of-way, or an improved road which has become public by right of use, for access use by the public, usually having a minimum pavement width of thirty (30) feet and a minimum right-of-way width of fifty (50) feet unless the regulations of the City of Lynchburg require otherwise.
    (27) Street, width: The total width of the strip of land dedicated or reserved for public travel, including roadway, curbs, gutters, sidewalks and planting strips.
    (28) Subdivision: Division of any tract, parcel or lot of land into two (2) or more parts. For the purposes of this ordinance, the alternation or reconfiguration of existing lot lines involving more than two (2) lots is also considered to be a subdivision.
    a. The term "subdivision" shall not include the division of land into ten (10) acres or more for agricultural purposes, provided no new streets are required.
    b. The city planner may, however, permit the separation of one (1) parcel from a tract of land without complying with all requirements of this ordinance if it is (1) not in conflict with the general meaning and purpose of the ordinance, and (2) no new streets are required to serve the parcel.
    (29) Subdivider: Any owner of a tract, lot or parcel of land to be subdivided or their legal representative executing the legal requirements of the subdivision.
    (30) Technical review committee (TRC): A committee for review and recommendation to the city manager, planning commission, and city council, consisting of the city planner, city engineer, city traffic engineer, building official, director of utilities, urban forester and fire marshal or their designees and other city staff as appropriate. (Ord. No. O-78-323, 11-14-78; Ord. No. O-89-248, § 1, 9-12-89; Ord. No. O-00-190, 9-12-00; Ord. No. O-10-034, 4-27-10, eff. 7-1-10)
    Last updated date: 6/28/2010 10:43:48 AM