Sec. 21.2-3. Definitions.
Wherever used in this chapter, unless a different meaning clearly appears in the context, the following terms shall be given the following respective interpretations:
Agricultural waste: All solid waste produced from farming operations, or related commercial preparation of farm products for marketing.
Apartment: A building or portion thereof designed for or occupied by more than two (2) families, and all living units of which are to be maintained under single ownership or management. This shall be interpreted to include all multi-family rental units.
Ash: The fly ash or bottom ash residual waste material produced from incineration or burning of solid waste or from any fuel combustion.
Bottom ash: Ash or slag remaining in a combustion unit after combustion.
Boxes: Includes corrugated boxes, paperboard boxes, and cardboard boxes.
Brush: Any yard or debris wastes tree trimmings no larger than (3) inches in diameter and eight (8) feet in length which cannot be placed in containers in accordance with the regulations herein set forth.
Bulk waste: Items of residential waste, such as furniture, large cartons, white goods, or similar materials which cannot be placed in containers in accordance with the regulations herein set forth. Bulk waste does not include tires, household hazardous waste, construction and demolition materials.
Bundles: A number of things bound together for collection (such as brush, broken-down boxes and waste). Brush and yard waste bundles shall meet the requirements of section 21.2-4 for collection. Boxes shall be broken down and tied together. No bundle shall exceed fifty (50) pounds in weight.
Collection: Removal or transportation of solid waste, ashes, recyclable material and yard waste, from its place of storage or collection point to its place of disposal.
Commercial establishment: Any retail or wholesale, restaurant, religious, government or nonresidential establishment at which trash or garbage may be generated.
Commercial waste: All solid waste generated by establishments engaged in business operations other than manufacturing or construction. This category includes, but is not limited to, solid waste resulting from the operation of stores, markets, office buildings, restaurants and shopping centers.
Compost: A stabilized organic product produced by a controlled aerobic decomposition process in such a manner that the product can be handled, stored, and/or applied to the land without adversely affecting public health or the environment. Composted sludge shall be as defined by the Virginia Sewerage Regulations.
Condominium: An apartment house or complex in which the apartments or dwelling units are individually owned.
Construction waste: Solid waste which is produced or generated during construction, remodeling, or repair of pavements, houses, commercial buildings and other structures. Construction wastes include, but not limited to, lumber, wire, sheetrock, broken brick, asphalt, shingles, glass, pipes, concrete, paving materials and metal and plastics if the metal or plastics are a part of the materials of construction or empty containers for such materials. Paints, coatings, solvents, asbestos, any liquid, compressed gases or semi-liquids and garbage are not construction wastes.
Debris waste: Wastes resulting from land clearing operations. Debris wastes include, but are not limited to, stumps, wood, brush, leaves, soil, and road spoils.
Demolition waste: Any solid waste which is produced by the destruction of structures and their foundations and includes the same materials as construction waste.
Discard: To abandon, dispose of, burn, incinerate, accumulate, store or treat before or instead of being abandoned, disposed of, burned or incinerated.
Discarded material: A material which is:
(a) Abandoned by being:
(1) Disposed of,
(2) Burned or incinerated; or
(3) Accumulated, stored or treated (but not used, reused, or reclaimed) before or in lieu of being abandoned by being disposed of, burned or incinerated,
(b) Used, reused or reclaimed material as defined in this part, or
(c) Considered as solid waste as defined in section 3.2 of the Virginia Solid Waste Management Regulations (VR 672-72-10).
DEQ: The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality.
Disposal: The act of discharging, depositing, injecting, dumping, spilling, leaking or placing of any solid waste into or on any land or water so that such solid waste or any constituent thereof may enter the environment or be emitted into the air or discharged into any waters.
Disposal site: All land and structures, other appurtenances, and improvements thereon used for treating, storing, and disposing of solid waste. This term includes adjacent land within the property boundary used for the utility systems such as repair, storage, shipping or processing areas, or other areas incident to the management of solid waste. All solid waste disposal sites must be approved and/or permitted by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality.
EPA: The United States Environmental Protection Agency.
Fly ash: Ash particulate collected from air pollution attenuation devices on combustion units.
Garbage: Readily putrescible discarded materials composed of animal, vegetable or other organic matter.
Hazardous waste: A "hazardous waste" as described by the Virginia Hazardous Waste Regulations (VR 672-10-1).
Household hazardous waste (HHW): The following are examples of what residents can bring on HHW collection days to the Region 2000 Services Authority (RSA) facility: acids/bases, aerosols, antifreeze, autostarter, brake fluids, batteries, cleaners/polishes, corrosives, drain openers, flammables, furniture stripper, herbicides, kerosene, lighter fluids, oven cleaners, oxidizers, oil based paints, pesticides, photo/pool chemicals, poisons, solvents/thinners, used motor oil, weed killers and wood preservatives. The RSA website maintains the current list of the types of waste that are accepted and not accepted.
Household waste: Any waste material, including garbage, trash and refuse, derived from households. Households include single and multiple residences, hotels and motels, bunkhouses, ranger stations, crew quarters, campgrounds, picnic grounds and day-use recreation areas. Household wastes do not include sanitary waste in septic tanks (septage) which is regulated by state agencies other than DEQ's Division of Waste Management Programs.
Industrial waste: Any solid waste generated by manufacturing or industrial process that is not a regulated hazardous waste. Such waste may include, but is not limited to, waste resulting from the following manufacturing processes: electric power generation; fertilizer/agriculture chemicals; food and related products/by-products; inorganic chemicals; iron and steel manufacturing; leather and leather products; nonferrous metals manufacturing/foundries; organic chemicals; plastics and resins manufacturing; pulp and paper industry; rubber and miscellaneous plastic products; stone, glass, clay, and concrete products; textile manufacturing; transportation equipment; and waste treatment. This term does not include mining waste or oil and gas waste.
Inert waste: Solid waste which is physically, chemically and biologically stable from further degradation and considered to be non-reacting. Inert wastes include rubble, concrete, bricks, and blocks.
Institutional waste: All solid waste emanating from institutions such as, but not limited to, hospitals, nursing homes, orphanages, and public or private schools. It can include infectious waste from health care facilities and research facilities that must be managed as an infectious waste. No medical waste is accepted at the RSA facility.
Landfill: A sanitary landfill, an industrial waste landfill or a construction/debris landfill.
Landfill disposal area: The area within the property boundary or permitted for actual burial.
Litter: Any waste as defined in 21.1-2 (Litter Control - Definitions) of this code.
Living units: One or more rooms in a residential building or in a mixed building which are arranged, designed, used or intended for use by one or more persons living together and maintaining a common household.
Medical waste: Any solid waste identified by health care professionals in charge as capable of producing infectious disease in humans. Any solid waste is regulated medical waste if it is one of the following:
(a) discarded cultures, stocks, specimens, vaccines and associated items likely to have been contaminated by them are regulated medical wastes if they are likely to contain organisms likely to be pathogenic to healthy humans;
(b) waste consisting of human blood, human blood products and items contaminated by human blood are regulated human wastes;
(c) all pathological wastes and all wastes that are human tissues, organs, body parts, or body fluids are regulated medical wastes;
(d) used sharps (needles, syringes, etc.) likely to be contaminated with organisms that are pathogenic to healthy humans and all sharps used in patient care are regulated medical waste;
(e) any residue or contaminated soil, water, or other debris resulting from the cleanup of a spill of any regulated medical waste is itself regulated medical waste; and
(f) any solid waste contaminated by or mixed with regulated medical waste is itself regulated medical waste.
Motor vehicle: Every device, which is self-propelled or designed for self-propulsion, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon the highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. Any structure designed, used, or maintained primarily to be loaded on or affixed to a motor vehicle to provide a mobile dwelling, sleeping place, office or commercial space, shall be considered a part of a motor vehicle.
Mover's trash: Solid waste generated due to person or persons moving-in to or moving-out of a residence.
Multi-family unit: A building, or any appurtenances thereof, designed for occupancy or occupied by two (2) or more families, and all living units of which are to be maintained under single ownership or management. This shall be interpreted to include all, but not limited to apartments, condominiums and duplexes with two (2) or more rental units. The owner(s) of a multi-family unit shall be responsible for ensuring that the residents of a multi-family unit comply with the provisions of this chapter.
Municipal solid waste: That waste which is normally composed of residential, commercial, and institutional solid waste. Medical waste is not accepted at the RSA facility.
Occupant: Any person occupying or residing on any lot, premises or parcel of land in the city and having, at the time, apparent possession or control thereof.
Owner: Any person who, alone or jointly or severally with others:
(a) Shall have all or part of legal title to any lot, premises or parcel of land in the city, not, at the time, in the actual or apparent possession or control of another, or;
(b) Shall have all or part of the beneficial ownership and a right to present use and enjoyment of the premises, and the term shall include a mortgagee in possession, or;
(c) Shall have charge, care or control of any lot, premises or parcel of land in the city, as agent or representative of the owner, or as personal representative, trustee or guardian of the estate of the owner.
Person: Any individual, corporation, partnership, association, a governmental body, a municipal corporation or any other legal entity.
Putrescible waste: Solid waste which contains organic material capable of being decomposed by micro-organisms and cause odors.
Recyclable material: Any material which retains useful properties that can be reclaimed after the production or consumption process.
Recycling center: A facility designed for the collection, separation and/or recycling of recyclable materials.
Refuse: All solid waste products having the character of solids rather than liquids and which are composed wholly or partially of materials such as garbage, trash, rubbish, litter, residues from clean up of spills or contamination, or other discarded materials.
Regulated medical waste: Solid wastes defined to be infectious by the Virginia Regulated Medical Waste Management Regulations (VR 672-40-01).
Residential waste: Any household waste.
RSA facility: a landfill, transfer station, recycling center or other operation managed by the Region 2000 Services Authority for the purpose of collecting and disposing of solid waste.Rubbish: Combustible or slowly putrescible discarded materials which include but are not limited to trees, wood, leaves, trimmings from shrubs or trees, printed matter, plastic and paper products, grass, rags and other combustible or slowly putrescible materials not included under the term "garbage."
Scavenging: The unauthorized or uncontrolled collection or removal of waste or recyclable materials from a solid waste management facility, waste that has been placed on the curbside for city collection or recycling center.
Semitrailer: Every vehicle of the trailer type so designed and used in conjunction with a motor vehicle that some part of its own weight and that of its own load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle.
Single-family residence: a residential building or structure containing only one dwelling unit, which is arranged, designed, used or intended for use by one family (as defined by the city’s zoning ordinance). The owner(s) of a single-family residence that is being occupied as rental property shall be responsible for ensuring that the occupant(s) of such single-family residence comply with the provisions of this chapter.
Site clearance materials: Any items such as boulders, rocks, tree trunks, stumps, or tree limbs.
Solid waste: Any of those materials defined as 'solid waste' in Part III of the Virginia Solid Waste Management Regulations (VR 672-20-10).
Solid waste management facility: A site used for planned treating, storing, or disposing of solid waste. A facility may consist of several treatment, storage, or disposal units.
Special wastes: Solid wastes that are difficult to handle, require special precautions because of hazardous properties or the nature of the waste creates waste management problems in normal operations.
Trailer court: Any lot, parcel or tract of land, together with open spaces, used, designed, maintained or held out to accommodate one (1) or more mobile homes or trailers, including all buildings, structures, tents, vehicles, accessories or appurtenances used or intended as equipment of such mobile home or trailer court. A mobile home court provides for the permanent or long-term location of mobile homes. The owner(s) of the trailer court shall be responsible for ensuring that the residents of the trailer court comply with the provisions of this chapter.
Trash: Combustible and noncombustible discarded materials, and is used interchangeably with the term rubbish.
Waste container: City approved trash cart or approved prepaid plastic trash bag.
White goods: Any stoves, washers, hot water heaters and other large appliances.
Yard waste: That fraction of municipal solid waste that consists of grass clippings, leaves, brush and tree prunings arising from general landscape maintenance. (Ord. No. O-91-056, 3-26-91, eff. 4-1-91; Ord. No. O-93-246, 9-14-93, eff. 10-1-93; Ord. No. O-97-201, 9-23-97, eff. 10-1-97; Ord. No. O-03-113, 6-10-03, eff. 7-1-03; Ord. No. O-12-098, 9-11-12; Ord. No. O-14-012, 01-28-14)