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    Downtown Utility and Streetscape Project - Two-Way Traffic

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    Two-way traffic was proposed in the original Lynchburg Downtown Master Plan and subsequent studies conducted throughout the country have proven that two-way traffic in downtown areas boost visibility of retail businesses, slows traffic, reduces crime, and creates livable streets.  According to research, over 100 cities have converted to two-way as a method of traffic calming in their downtown core. The conversion is being done in conjunction with the Downtown Utility and Streetscape Project.

    To learn more about the Two-Way Street Conversion click here

    Benefits of Two-Way Travel
    o   Increase in pedestrian safety and activity
    o   Increase in retail
    o   Slower traffic speeds create a destination for visitors
    o   Opportunity to bike, drive, or walk
    o   Support for residential, downtown living
     
    Pedestrian Safety | Bump-outs
    o   Reduces walking distances for pedestrians
    o   Increases visibility for those trying to cross the street
     

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    Two-Way Street Conversion

    How will loading and unloading work with two-way traffic?
    Loading zones will be identified on a per block basis to serve deliveries to the businesses.  These zones will be designated with signs and enforced by Lynchburg Police Department and Parking Management staff.  Most are timed 8AM-5PM and can be used by anyone needing to load and unload as long as their four-ways are flashing.  In the 900 block of Main Street, zones are timed from 7AM-11AM, then become 1HR parking after 11AM. 

    How will parking be affected?
    One and two-hour parallel parking will remain on Main and Church Streets.  In the current design, there is a net gain of 10 on-street spaces.  Public parking decks are the preferred method of parking if a visitor is staying longer than two hours, and improved way finding signs will be added so drivers can easily locate the decks.

    Will traffic flow change?
    Two-way streets are perceived to be narrower thereby slowing traffic which allows more visibility for drivers.  This better serves pedestrian movement for residents and visitors and translates into safer streets.  The maximum speed limit for downtown is still 25mph.

    Why replace traffic signals with all-way stops?
    Stop signs force drivers to be more attentive and slow down at intersections which makes downtown safer and more pedestrian friendly.  This will aid in downtown transforming into a destination and not a through-route for traffic. 

    Will bus routes be affected?
    No.  Bus stops will remain and they will continue to use their designated passenger loading zones.

    Will emergency vehicles have adequate access?
    Yes.  Emergency vehicles still take priority over other vehicles travelling downtown and the rules of the road still apply.  Drivers must yield to police and fire and move to the right.

    U.S. Cities that have converted to two-way traffic

    Albuquerque, NM Fargo, ND New Haven, CT
    Anniston, AL Gardner, MA Norfolk, VA
    Berkley, CA Green Bay, WI North Little Rock, AR
    Charleston, SC Hickory, NC Portland, OR
    Cincinnati, OH Hyannis, MA Sacramento, CA
    City of Sisters, OR Kansas City, MO Salinas, KS
    Dallas, TX Lafayette, IN Tampa, FL
    Denver, CO Louisville, KY Toledo, OH
    Des Moines, IA Lubbock, TX Vancouver, WA
    Dubuque, IA Napa, CA Waukesha, WI

    Links to articles used in the research of two-way conversion:

    http://www.mainstreet.org/main-street/main-street-news/2002/06/converting-one-way-to-two-way.html
    http://www.centralbaltimore.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Converting-Downtown-Streets-From-One-way-to-Two-way-Yields-Positive-Reults_Urban-Transportation-Monitor-2000.pdf
    https://www.planetizen.com/node/69354
    http://www.governing.com/topics/transportation-infrastructure/The-Return-of-the.html
    http://tigerprints.clemson.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1595&context=all_theses
    http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/circulars/ec019/Ec019_f2.pdf
    http://www.citylab.com/commute/2013/01/case-against-one-way-streets/4549/
    http://www.raisethehammer.org/article/1605/a_business_case_for_conversion_from_one-way_to_two-way_streets

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